The winery construction was finished in 1997 at the center of the fifty hectares (123.5 acres) of Coltibuono's vineyards situated in Monti in Chianti. It had long been obvious that the estate needed a new vinification cellar. With the growth of the last two decades, the existing production facilities had become obsolete and insufficient. The new winery was constructed to be not only technologically advanced but also to have a sound environmental impact. This is an obvious confirmation of the dedication of the owners to the culture of Chianti Classico and Coltibuono's centuries-old presence in the zone. Although it was conceived with criteria of respect for the landscape and its spirit, the winery has an absolutely modern aspect. Its design meets today's standards and displays a contemporary esthetic clearly inspired by the great Italian architectural tradition of the classical and Renaissance periods. The new winery makes use of highly advanced vinification technologies selected with the objective of producing wines of high quality in the simplest but most efficient way possible. Efforts have been made, through construction of a structure operating on the principle of gravity, to assure delicate processing of the grapes so that they will fully express their characteristics and their uniqueness. The winery has introduced a table for the manual sorting of grapes so that all defective clusters are eliminated; a conveyor belt to transfer the de-stemmed grapes to the fermentation tanks; vats of smaller size for separate vinification of grapes coming from different vineyards and a system for punching down the cap with pistons for managing the cap during fermentation. Native yeasts are used in fermenting the wines, in an effort to respect and preserve the flavor and unique character of Coltibuono. The maturation of the wines in wood is carried out mostly in casks to ensure that oak does not dominate. When small barrels are used, as in the Sangioveto, care is taken to balance new and older oak, so as not to cover the fruit, whose characteristics must be respected.